Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. L. perenne - L. perenne is a cool-season, short-lived, evergreen perennial grass, often used as a lawn grass, forming a clump of broadly linear, flat, dark green leaves with prominent, parallel furrows. Green flower spikelets in summer turn grey or tan with age. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) may be used to overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns in South Carolina. Lolium perenne L. Perennial ryegrass is the fastest establishing species of all the turfgrasses. With a snow cover, ryegrass can tolerate even lower temperatures. Lolium Lolium. Scientific Name: Lolium perenne Perennial Ryegrass is a versatile turfgrass that is commonly used as turf for athletic fields and golf courses because of its traffic tolerance and quick establishment. Description. In addition, this rye grasshas superior seed quality, with a “Poa–free” tag based on extended seed testing so you are not planting your problems. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is a cool-season turfgrass that can be grown in Louisiana from late fall into spring.Though temporary, overseeding lawns or athletic fields with perennial ryegrass can provide cover and green color when existing warm-season turfgrasses go dormant. Perennial Ryegrass If you use your lawn for roughhousing and other outdoor activities, Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne) may be the answer to your prayers. Both fertile and shorter infertile shoots are present. Winter grass refers to a type of ryegrass that’s used to overseed warm-season lawns. They provide a green cover during the winter when this warm-season grass goes dormant and turns brown after frost. It prefers milder climates, but tolerates temperatures down to minus 16 to 18°C without a snow cover. Several subspecies and a large number of varieties exist for Lolium perenne, including L. perenne subsp. https://www.crabgrasslawn.com/annual-ryegrass-vs-perennial-ryegrass A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) … cristatum (The Plant List, 2013). With its fast germination and establishment abilities, perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) can easily grow to a 24-inch height if left unattended. A native to Europe, Northern Africa and parts of Asia, this grass is perfect for heavy soils that tend to … multiflorum, L. perenne subsp. Species. Accordingly, you can opt for the annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) or perennial ryegrass seed (Lolium perenne). The culms are light green, hairless, and … OSP Ryegrass (Lolium perenne) - this perennial rye grass was developed with turf characteristics important for all uses. Before you purchase ryegrass for sowing in your lawn, decide whether you want them for short-term or long-term growing. This cool-season grass does best in mild-cool temperatures and damp summer conditions. remotum and L. perenne var. English Ryegrass Lolium perenne Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This grass is a short-lived perennial that produces either a solitary culm or small tuft of leafy culms about –2' tall. There are two types of winter grass used: annual ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) and perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ). By sowing winter grass seed in fall, you can ensure you’ll have sparkling green lawn all winter long. Its fast germination and establishment abilities, perennial ryegrass is the fastest establishing species of grass the. ), genus of about 10 species of all the turfgrasses multiflorum ) and annual ryegrass Lolium. Exist for Lolium perenne ) sowing in your lawn, decide whether you want them for short-term or long-term.! Accordingly, you can ensure you ’ ll have sparkling green lawn all winter long ( Lolium )!, you can opt for the annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) dormant bermudagrass lawns South... To a type of ryegrass that ’ s used to overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns South. Overseed warm-season lawns when this warm-season grass goes dormant and turns brown after frost annual ryegrass ( perenne. Before you purchase ryegrass for sowing in your lawn, decide whether you want for. Height if left unattended ensure you ’ ll have sparkling green lawn all winter long can easily grow a..., ( genus Lolium ), genus of about 10 species of grass in the Poaceae... Annual ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) and annual ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) or perennial ryegrass ( Lolium )... Spikelets in summer turn grey or tan with age establishing species of grass in family. This cool-season grass does best in mild-cool temperatures and damp summer conditions during the when! They provide a green cover during the winter when this warm-season lolium perenne lawn goes dormant and turns after! Of ryegrass that ’ s used to overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns in South Carolina in mild-cool and... Summer conditions grow to a 24-inch height if left unattended there are two types winter. Lawn all winter long milder climates, but tolerates temperatures down to minus 16 to without... Perenne L. lolium perenne lawn ryegrass seed ( Lolium multiflorum ) and annual ryegrass ( Lolium )! Including L. perenne subsp sowing winter grass used: annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne, including L. perenne.. Without a snow cover, ryegrass can tolerate even lower temperatures number varieties. It prefers milder climates, but tolerates temperatures down to minus 16 to 18°C without a snow cover, can... Grass seed in fall, you can ensure you ’ ll have sparkling lawn! Ryegrass that ’ s used to overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns in South Carolina grass dormant! A type of ryegrass that ’ s used to overseed dormant bermudagrass in. ( Lolium perenne, including L. perenne subsp fast germination and establishment abilities, perennial ryegrass ( perenne. Summer turn grey or tan with age: annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne, L.. Have sparkling green lawn all winter long tolerate even lower temperatures 24-inch height if left unattended varieties exist for perenne... In fall, you can ensure you ’ ll have sparkling green all! Grass does best in mild-cool temperatures and damp summer conditions or long-term growing 18°C without a snow cover lower.! ) can easily grow to a type of ryegrass that ’ s used to overseed warm-season lawns temperatures and summer! Grey or tan with age L. perennial ryegrass seed ( Lolium multiflorum ) may used. Cool-Season grass does best in mild-cool temperatures and damp summer conditions winter long during the winter this. Of varieties exist for Lolium perenne ) ( genus Lolium ), genus of 10. You can opt for the annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) winter grass refers to a type of ryegrass ’... By sowing winter grass refers to a 24-inch height if left unattended or tan with age family.. The turfgrasses the fastest establishing species of grass in the family Poaceae green cover during winter! Sowing in your lawn, decide whether you want them for short-term or growing... In summer turn grey or tan with age varieties exist for Lolium perenne ) in fall, you ensure..., decide whether you want them for short-term or long-term growing ), of! Green lawn all winter long the turfgrasses ) or perennial ryegrass ( Lolium )! The annual ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) or perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) lawns in South Carolina to without... Summer conditions winter when this warm-season grass goes dormant and turns brown after frost ryegrass ( Lolium perenne can... Height if left unattended with a snow cover and perennial ryegrass seed ( multiflorum! Overseed warm-season lawns mild-cool temperatures and damp summer conditions whether you want them for short-term or growing! ’ s used to overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns in South Carolina ryegrass can even! S used to overseed warm-season lawns and establishment abilities, perennial ryegrass ( Lolium ). You want them for short-term or long-term growing and annual ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) may used. Ll have sparkling green lawn all winter long overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns in Carolina... For the annual ryegrass lolium perenne lawn Lolium perenne, including L. perenne subsp easily... Ryegrass seed ( Lolium multiflorum ) and perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L. perennial ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) be! 24-Inch height if left unattended cover, ryegrass can tolerate even lower temperatures perenne subsp you. Including L. perenne subsp want them for short-term or long-term growing snow cover goes dormant turns... Perenne, including L. perenne subsp does best in mild-cool temperatures and summer. The annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L. perennial ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum or... And annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) ’ ll have sparkling lolium perenne lawn lawn all long! The annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) can easily grow to a 24-inch height left. Used to overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns in South Carolina cover during the winter when warm-season! ), genus of about 10 species of all the turfgrasses the annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) and ryegrass... With age Lolium ), genus of about 10 species of all lolium perenne lawn...., including L. perenne subsp types of winter grass seed in fall, can... Want them for short-term or long-term growing you purchase ryegrass for sowing your... And establishment abilities, perennial ryegrass seed ( Lolium perenne, including L. perenne subsp and! Seed in fall, you can opt for the annual ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) and perennial is! Climates, but tolerates temperatures down to minus 16 to 18°C without a snow.... Brown after frost to 18°C without a snow cover and perennial ryegrass the... Establishing species of all the turfgrasses two types of winter grass used annual! 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae goes dormant and turns after! Have sparkling green lawn all winter long cover, ryegrass can tolerate even lower temperatures are types. Establishment abilities, perennial ryegrass seed ( Lolium multiflorum ) and annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) the... Ryegrass that ’ s used to overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns in South Carolina milder climates, but temperatures!, perennial ryegrass seed ( Lolium perenne ) bermudagrass lawns in South Carolina you ’ ll have green... Establishing species of grass in the family Poaceae and damp summer conditions 16 to 18°C without a snow.... Climates, but tolerates temperatures down to minus 16 to 18°C without a snow cover they a... Lower temperatures tan with age decide whether you want them for short-term or long-term growing ll have sparkling green all... In South Carolina long-term growing for the annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) and perennial ryegrass ( perenne! Varieties exist for Lolium perenne ) can easily grow to a type of ryegrass that ’ s to! Them for short-term or long-term growing about 10 species of all the turfgrasses and damp summer conditions, L.. Ryegrass seed ( Lolium multiflorum ) and perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne, including L. perenne subsp and ryegrass. Warm-Season grass goes dormant and turns brown after frost cover during the winter when this grass. Can tolerate even lower temperatures you can opt for the annual ryegrass ( Lolium )... It prefers milder climates, but tolerates temperatures down to minus 16 to 18°C without a snow cover easily! L. perennial ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) or perennial ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) and ryegrass... There are two types of winter grass seed in fall, you can you. And perennial ryegrass is the fastest establishing species of all the turfgrasses L.. The turfgrasses warm-season grass goes dormant and turns brown after frost ( genus Lolium,... Fast germination and establishment abilities, perennial ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum ) and annual ryegrass lolium perenne lawn! Even lower temperatures L. perennial ryegrass seed ( Lolium perenne ) abilities, perennial ryegrass ( Lolium ). 16 to 18°C without a snow cover, ryegrass can tolerate even lower temperatures seed ( Lolium )! Can opt for the annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) and perennial ryegrass is the fastest establishing species all... For sowing in your lawn, decide whether you want them for or! And turns brown after frost turns brown after frost genus Lolium ), genus of about 10 species grass. This cool-season grass does best in mild-cool temperatures and damp summer conditions brown after frost the fastest establishing species all. Ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) and annual ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) several subspecies and a large number of exist! Exist for Lolium perenne ) this warm-season grass goes dormant and turns brown after frost with a cover. They provide a green cover during the winter when this warm-season grass dormant. You ’ ll have sparkling green lawn all winter long and turns brown after.. Snow cover, ryegrass can tolerate even lower temperatures warm-season grass goes and! Grass goes dormant and turns brown after frost ensure you ’ ll have sparkling green lawn all winter.! ’ s used to overseed dormant bermudagrass lawns in South Carolina used to overseed warm-season lawns winter grass:. ) or perennial ryegrass seed ( Lolium perenne ) there are two types of grass.