In fact, it’s a common herbal remedy for unwanted hair growth in Middle Eastern countries (12). It has been chewed as a remedy for toothache. By David Taylor. Dioscorides, the first-century Greek physician who wrote a treatise on more than 600 medicinal plants titled De Materia Medica, stated that a tea of thistle seeds could be used for … It’s also caffeine- and calorie-free, making it a naturally sweet treat you can enjoy at any time of the day. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). Spear thistle stems, flowers, roots, and seeds can be eaten and the stems and leaves can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. Also, the thick tap roots can be eaten raw or cooked, but are only palatable on young thistles before they flower. In one five-day study in 21 women with hormone imbalances, two cups of spearmint tea a day decreased testosterone and increased LH, FSH and estradiol levels (9). The roots of bull thistle have been used as a poultice & a decoction of the plant used as a poultice on sore jaws. (When we first moved here, the place was overrun with thistles. Hirsutism in women causes hair to grow on the face, breasts, and stomach. Like many tasty wild plants, the thistle did not make its way into mai… Milk thistle is commonly used as a home remedy to treat liver problems, often under the presumption that it will … Studies in women have shown that it can decrease male hormones like testosterone while increasing female hormones necessary for ovulation, such as luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol. A decoction of the whole plant has been used both internally and externally to treat bleeding piles. Share on Pinterest. While spearmint and its oil are likely safe to ingest in the amounts commonly found in food or tea, it’s unknown whether pure spearmint oil taken by mouth is safe (27). Maintaining healthy levels of testosterone is important for gaining muscle mass, improving sexual function and boosting strength. Peppermint oil is a natural insecticide. The Carduus Benedictus (Blessed Thistle) was first cultivated by Gerard in 1597, and has since become a common medicinal Herbal Simple. In one study, rats were given a spearmint extract equivalent to 9 mg per pound (20 mg per kg) of body weight per day. Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) – 0.061 milligrams, Chopping the leaves and sprinkling it onto food. Its use in treating liver diseases dates back to the 1700s, and its use to Fresh spearmint leaves contain a much lower level of menthol than other mint species, which makes it less pungent and more suited to health drinks and cooking. Spearmint may help lower high blood pressure. Herbal teas have a wide variety of tastes, flavors and even health benefits. There’s some evidence that this herb may help improve memory. The compound (-)-carvone, which is naturally found in spearmint, has been shown to strongly inhibit muscle contractions in the digestive tract, which may explain how this herb helps relieve digestive upsets (1). Its aroma is very similar to that of peppermint. ex Willd.)Spreng.) Spear thistles flower during spring to autumn, but only in their second year of growth. While the study was not long enough to determine whether spearmint affected facial hair, the women’s testosterone levels were reduced. It is also applied topically, to the skin, to help reduce swelling due to nerve or muscle pain. The tips of the leaves are pointed, like spears, hence its name. In one study, spearmint essential oil applied to the skin significantly reduced the incidence of nausea and vomiting compared to a placebo (3). Medicinal Uses and Health benefits . Names of Thistle in various languages of the world are also given. What are the best essential oils for sunburn? In a more recent study, older adults with memory impairment who were given daily supplements containing 900 mg of spearmint extract experienced a 15% improvement in working memory (17). Thistle as medicine Tim Low says that they are a most fine vegetable and a good introduction to eating weeds. Two tablespoons (11 grams) of spearmint also provides 2% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) for vitamin C, another potent antioxidant (6, 7). Milk thistle is often sold as an herbal supplement. It can irritate if it comes into contact with the skin or the eyes. However, 30 days may not be long enough to see a definitive difference. Field thistle is a member of the Asteraceae, the Sunflower family. Like other herbs of the mint family, spearmint has a square-shaped stem. Promotes skin health. Bull thistle root can be eaten and is best used when mixed with other vegetables. The hair grows because of excessively high levels of the “male” androgen hormones. GABA is a neurotransmitter involved in reducing nerve activity (24). Spearmint, or Mentha spicata is a pleasant-smelling species of mint found in health-food products, toothpastes, mouthwashes, and cosmetics. Similarly, in a 30-day randomized study, 42 women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who drank spearmint tea twice a day had lower testosterone levels and higher LH and FSH levels compared to women who drank a placebo tea (10). Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a perennial herb believed to have medicinal properties. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) lists spearmint as “generally recognized as safe for their intended use.”. Spearmint may help relieve joint pain caused by arthritis. It gets its name from its characteristic spear-shaped leaves. While this may seem to be a very specific action, because of all the extensive things your liver does, the implications are far reaching. Spearmint has a pleasantly sweet taste and is frequently used to flavor toothpaste, mouthwash, chewing gum and candy. In addition, an infusion prepared with the leaves & roots of common thistle is believed to heal stiff neck, seizures as well as nervous disorders. I once joked with my husband that the best thing about our Canada thistles is that they weren’t bull thistles. Before use, it must be diluted with a carrier oil. Most of the various types of “mint” or mentha – spearmint, Korean mint, applemint, regular old mint – offer reported health benefits and medicinal properties. Undiluted use of spearmint oil may be irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. The seeds contain silymarin, a group of compounds said to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Spiders aren't technically insects, but they seem to hate the oil all the same. There are no regulated manufacturing standards in place for many herbal compounds and some marketed supplements have been found to be contaminated with toxic metals or other drugs. A paste of the roots, combined with an equal quantity of the root paste of Amaranthus spinosus, is used … Though human studies on this potential property are unavailable, some scientific evidence suggests that this herb may have beneficial effects in this regard. We’ll tell you what to…. Thistles, in this case Cirsium horridulum (SIR-see-um hor-id-YOO-lum) are among the hardest to gather of wild foods, Black Walnuts probably being the worst. Bull thistles (Cirsium vulgare) are exactly that – bullish. One reported effect of milk thistle is that it … Drinking spearmint tea may help reduce hirsutism, or growth of dark, coarse hair on the face, chest and abdomen of women. Here are 11 surprising health benefits of spearmint tea and essential oil. A compound in spearmint called (-)-carvone has been shown to act similarly to calcium-channel blockers, medications used to treat high blood pressure (1). Here's what you should know…. It’s high in antioxidants and other beneficial plant compounds that may help balance hormones, lower blood sugar and improve digestion. Prof. Susan Farr, from Saint Louis University School of Medicine, has suggested that if antioxidants from spearmint and rosemary are made into an enhanced extract, they may help to improve learning and memory. Additionally, in a study in rats, spearmint essential oil was found to decrease testosterone and ovarian cysts and increase the number of viable eggs in the rats’ ovaries (11). Field Thistle (Cirsium discolor (Muhl. The bitter substance found in blessed thistle … In one study, extract from this herb prevented fat oxidation in meat and was as effective as the synthetic antioxidant BHT (8). Therefore, the evidence on the benefits of this type of mint for memory is limited but promising — especially for older adults. Cirsium is a genus of perennial and biennial flowering plants in the Asteraceae, one of several genera known commonly as thistles.They are more precisely known as plume thistles.These differ from other thistle genera (Carduus, Silybum and Onopordum) in having feathered hairs to their achenes.The other genera have a pappus of simple … Spearmint tea may help lower blood sugar in people with diabetes. Spear thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, black thistle, blue thistle, boar thistle, bull thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common bull thistle, common thistle, Fuller's thistle, green thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, Scotch thistle, swamp thistle. Many health benefits have been attributed to spearmint, whether consumed fresh or used as an essential oil. Some people apply milk thistle directly to the skin for skin damage caused by radiation. Included is information on…, © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. Unlike fresh spearmint, spearmint essential oil is not edible. In a longer, 30-day study in 41 women with PCOS, women who drank two cups a day of spearmint tea reported a reduction in their facial hair (10). But, the reward is edible stalks, edible leaves trimmed of spines roots and unopened flower bud bottoms. B. Spear thistle plants have been used medicinally and parts of the plant can be made into paper. It can lead to a great deal of distress. Last medically reviewed on January 11, 2018, Mint may have a positive effect on allergies, the common cold, indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and breastfeeding. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an … Here are 8 foods…. Medicinal plants of the Labiatae family. Since the seeds of the plant are bitter, and you cannot eat them raw, it is recommended to roast the seeds and use them as a cereal substitute. Spearmint is a popular flavoring agent in toothpaste, breath mints and chewing gums. People with a mint allergy may experience a mild reaction, including skin rash, throat irritation, headache, or dizziness. This article takes a closer look at eight science-based health benefits of mint. Its leaves are around 5 centimeters to 9 centimeters long and 1.5 centimeters to 3 centimeters wide. Milk thistle is referred to in the earliest Greek writings as a liver-protecting herb. Mint is a popular ingredient in several foods and beverages. While human-based studies on this potential effect are lacking, animal studies have shown promising results. Essential oils are claimed to offer many health benefits. As mentioned earlier, they … Milk thistle should not be used in place of medication prescribed for you by your doctor. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. Can You Use Essential Oils for Bug Bites? The leaves were used to treat neuralgia. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Thistle. Antioxidants – The extracts of the sow thistle plant were found to be very rich in minerals, vitamins, and flavonoids. Young flower stems can be cooked and young leaves can be eaten in a salad or tossed into a sauté. How Thistle is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is often used in medicine for its claimed therapeutic properties. What are the best essential oils for allergies? Previous studies in humans found that chewing mint-flavored gum may help improve memory. In large doses, Blessed Thistle acts as a strong emetic, producing vomiting with little pain and inconvenience. Two studies in women with facial hair have shown that drinking spearmint tea may help. A large review study of both animal and human studies concluded that essential oils made from this mint had pain-relieving effects (25). Spearmint may help to relieve symptoms of digestive problems, by relaxing the stomach muscles, reducing symptoms of nausea, and other digestive problems. Antioxidants are natural chemical compounds found in plants that help protect against and repair damage caused by free radicals, which are harmful molecules that can lead to oxidative stress. Spearmint contains a large number of antioxidant compounds, including rosmarinic acid, flavones and flavanones like limonene and menthol (5). Remove from heat and add a handful of torn spearmint leaves to the water. Milk thistle has been used medicinally since the 4th century BC. People use Scotch thistle for cancer, ulcers, fever, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. It contains less menthol than peppermint, but it is rich in limonene, dihydrocarvone, and cineol. Find out more about the…, Aromatherapy is a type of alternative medicine that uses essential oils to improve a person's health or mood. What Are Essential Oils, and Do They Work? Clinical work with a number of sufferers of spondyloarthropathy (including psoriatic arthritis, juvenile spondyloarthropathy, and the arthritis accompanying inflammatory bowel disease) appears to confirm a little-known, folk- medicinal tradition that Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) supports the health of joints, tendons, and ligaments … Medicinal use of Common Thistle: The roots have been used as a poultice and a decoction of the plant used as a poultice on sore jaws. You can purchase spearmint in tea bags or as loose-leaf tea, or grow your own for brewing. It is used as medicine. Milk thistle oil may be used topically to … MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Additionally, the leaves of this plant contain menthol, which has a relaxing, sedative effect on the body. A hot infusion of the whole plant has been used as a herbal steam for treating rheumatic joints. For milk thistle there is no job too big or too small! Yet, this mint is not only tasty but may also be good for you. For a more adventurous idea, try fresh spearmint ice cream, or a spiced salad of braised beef with roasted rice. Spearmint is a delicious, minty herb that may have beneficial effects on your health. Spearmint is commonly used to help relieve symptoms of indigestion, nausea, vomiting and gas. Learn the recipes and methods for pain relief. Scotch thistle is a plant. A hot infusion of the whole plant has been used as a herbal steam for treating rheumatic joints. All rights reserved. In older manuals and guides, this family is called the Compositae because the 'flowers' are a composite of many flowers, often of different types. Vitamins E and C may help, as well as lavender, tea tree, and others. However, later studies have failed to confirm its beneficial effects. Find out about the oils and how they…, We look at the eight best essential oils for sunburn. Studies have found that spearmint essential oil is effective against several types of harmful bacteria (18, 19). Here are 10 healthy herbal teas you'll want to try today. The Bull thistle was used by early humans as a warm medicinal tea. Many health benefits have been attributed to spearmint, whether consumed fresh or used as an essential oil. The herb is often used in the form of herbal teas as an herbal remedy for loss of appetite, indigestion (which is not related to ulcers), respiratory ailments, intestinal worms, constipation, flatulence, colic, anorexia and ailments associated with poor liver function like headache, fatigue and irritability. Some essential oils can be used to relieve symptoms caused by bug bites. A very important medicinal plant family is the Labiatae family, also known as the mint family. Cirsium vulgare is a tall, biennial or short-lived monocarpic Thistle, forming a rosette of leaves and a taproot up to 28 inches (70 cm) long in the first year, and a flowering stem up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall in the second (rarely third or fourth) year. But milk thistle has been praised throughout the centuries for its ability to cure; such observations have contributed to modern interest in the herb. The dried flowers are used as rennet to curdle milk, the primary step in making butter, whey, yogurt, and soft cheese. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Overall, spearmint makes a great addition to any diet — particularly in the form of spearmint tea, which can be enjoyed hot or cold. Learn about the best essential oils to use. In fact, in South American countries, this tea is commonly used to treat stress and insomnia. It has a sweeter taste than peppermint. 4 Healthy Herbs to Grow Indoors This Winter, Peppermint Oil for Migraine and Headache Relief, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Peppermint Oil and Spiders: Know the Facts. Spearmint essential oil has antifungal properties, according to a study presented at the 2011 International Conference on Environmental and Agriculture Engineering. A second, 30-day study, of 41 women with polycystic ovary syndrome, produced similar results. Peppermint is a hybrid plant that has been shown to help with skin conditions, headaches, cold and flu, nausea, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In fact, in one animal study, (-)-carvone was shown to be 100 times more potent at reducing blood vessel contractions than verapamil, a commonly used blood pressure medication (1). High levels of male hormones, or androgens, are linked to an overgrowth of facial hair in women (9). However, it does more than freshen your breath — it also has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, which may help kill the bacteria in your mouth that cause bad breath. I say this to convey that I don't really care which type grows in my yard, I use it the same way regardless. Oxidative stress has been linked to several chronic conditions, including heart disease, cancer and diabetes (4). All rights reserved. Essential oils may help treat some allergies, especially when the reaction leads to breathing problems or affects the skin. In another 21-day study in rats with diabetes, animals given 136 mg per pound (300 mg per kg) of body weight per day of this type of extract showed a 25% reduction in blood sugar (22). While healthy rats appeared unaffected, rats with diabetes had significantly lower blood sugar (21). Beyond its use as a water source, thistle is well known for its ability to treat swelling of joints and tendons. Additionally, it has been shown to work against bacteria that cause foodborne illnesses, including E. coli and Listeria (20). I was pretty impressed by reading a paper by the American Herbalists Guild that describes its use for joint issues, such as rheumatoid arthritis, especially in children. Medicinal use of Creeping Thistle: The root is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and hepatic. Spearmint tea may help promote relaxation and reduce stress. A decoction of the whole plant has been used both internally and externally to treat bleeding piles. Spearmint contains vitamins, antioxidants, and vital nutrients. Fresh spearmint can be used in a variety of recipes. It’s believed that spearmint promotes relaxation and alleviates stress by interacting with GABA receptors in your brain. List of various diseases cured by Thistle. This could help with age-related cognitive decline. A decoction of the roots has been used to treat worms in children. Spearmint, or Mentha spicata, is a type of mint similar to peppermint. They are labeled an 'injurious weed' in the UK, and a noxious weed in … This article explains everything you need to know about essential oils and their health…, A mint allergy isn’t common, but it can exist. Studies have shown that mice given a spearmint extract experienced improved learning and memory as shown by their performance on a maze test (13). Spearmint and rosemary extracts have recently been found to improve memory. This herbal tea is delicious hot or cold. Some people use spearmint to help alleviate symptoms of nausea, indigestion, gas, headache, toothache, cramps, and sore throat. Sonchus oleraceus | Sow thistle | Edible Uses 10/10/2020 Vaccinium pallidum | Blue Ridge blueberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses 10/04/2020 Houstonia purpurea | Broad-leaved bluets 09/29/2020 Spearmint is commonly used to help relieve symptoms of indigestion, nausea, vomiting and gas. If you’re allergic to mint, there are several products you may need to avoid. The taste is somewhat bland but the prickles MUST BE removed from the leaves before the leaves can be eaten! Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. One common way to enjoy this herb is brewed into a tea, which can be made from either fresh or dried leaves. (14, 15, 16). The roots have been used as a poultice and a decoction of the plant used as a poultice on sore jaws. Discover types of essential oils that can help treat nausea from pregnancy, vertigo, and other health conditions. ---Medicinal Action and Uses--- Tonic, stimulant, diaphoretic, emetic and emmenagogue. This herb may also relieve nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. Therefore, while studies on the effects of this type on mint on digestion are limited, some evidence suggests that it may be helpful. Research published in Phytotherapy Research suggests that drinking two cups of spearmint tea a day, for 5 days could reduce the level of androgens in women with hirsutism. For women with hormone imbalances, spearmint tea may provide relief. It Can Boost Breast Milk Production. It may even reduce stress and improve memory. The stem is winged, with numerous longitudinal, spine-tipped wings along its full length. The nutritional value of 100 grams of fresh spearmint is: Spearmint essential oils have antifungal and antioxidant properties. milk thistle seeds have been used for the treatment of liver disease. Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) is the most common of the Cirsium species in Australia and New Zealand. Common thistle decoction can be also used as a miracle lotion against baldness. A tincture is prepared (H.) for medicinal use from equal parts of the root, and the seeds (with the hull on) together with spirit of wine. A report published in the journal Food Chemistry indicates that spearmint extract has “good total phenolic and flavonoid contents” and “excellent antioxidant activity.”. The roots were also good against poor digestion and helped treat stomach cramps. Ifin it matters, which I don't think it does, the ones I grow happen to be Bull Thistle, also known as Spear Thistle and Common Thistle. Fresh herbs can not only spice up your meals, they may also help you maintain good health all year long. According to researchers, spearmint shows excellent antioxidant activity against free radicals. Read on to find out…. There are many sow thistle uses being practiced since ancient times. Milk Thistle Medicinal Uses to Protect the Liver Milk thistle is most famous for its ability to protect and nourish the liver. A combination of them together provides powerful antioxidant properties that are incredibly beneficial for the body. Did you know you can use peppermint oil to stop migraines and other types of headaches? In an eight-week randomized study in 32 people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), one group was given a product containing spearmint, lemon balm and coriander along with loperamide for diarrhea or psyllium for constipation (2). Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine, COVID-19 and Christmas: How to celebrate safely, COVID-19 live updates: Total number of cases passes 76.8 million, Study reveals UV LED lights effectively kill a human coronavirus, Study offers a mental well-being 'tool kit' anyone can use. At the end of the study, people who received the spearmint-containing supplement reported less abdominal pain, discomfort and bloating compared to those in the placebo group. It’s a perennial plant that hails from Europe and Asia but now commonly grows on five continents around the world. In one study in rats, a spearmint extract was found to decrease anxiety and improve sleep (23). They can be used in natural food preservation and as an insecticide. Other health conditions that spearmint may be effective at treating include: Some research has suggested that four cups of spearmint tea a day has a negative effect on the male libido, but a rodent study has indicated that this is not true. In one five-day study, 12 women with PCOS and nine women with facial hair due to unknown causes were given two cups of spearmint tea twice a day during the follicular phase of their menstrual cycle (9). Similarly, in one 16-week study in 62 people with arthritis of the knee, regular spearmint tea consumed twice daily reduced stiffness and physical disability, while a spearmint tea high in rosmarinic acid relieved the same symptoms and reduced pain (26). Woolly thistle is easily identifiable with large, deeply-lobed, evenly-shaped leaves, and very large flower heads, wrapped in a 'cobweb' of cotton-like hairs. A second, 30-day study, of 41 women with hormone imbalances, spearmint essential.! Of Creeping thistle: the root is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and hepatic, the was. Agriculture Engineering mint allergy may experience a mild reaction, including skin rash, throat,. To grow on the body and health benefits tap spear thistle medicinal uses can be eaten raw or,... Of the day or grow your own for brewing drinking spearmint tea may provide relief bland... The oil all the same while the study was not long enough to determine whether spearmint affected hair! 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